If you’re a newbie to wine, you might be overwhelmed by the sheer number of different types of wine varieties available.
How do you tell what’s good from bad among the thousands of wines available? What’s more, how can you pick a good wine to taste for the first time?
We’ll offer you a general overview of the many types of wines in this post, so you won’t be overwhelmed the next time you’re in the wine aisle.
However, it’s easy for you to get overwhelmed by the bulk of wine bottles on store shelves or restaurant menus.
There are dozens of grape varieties and even more types of wines manufactured from them worldwide.
Knowing a little more about the many varieties of wine, their flavors, and how they’re manufactured will help you select any of the different types of wine perfect for the occasion.
Before delving directly into the different types of wines available, let’s discuss what wine is?. The fermented juice of a wine grape is wine.
A wine grape is unlike any other grape you’ll find in the supermarket: tiny, sweet, thick-skinned, and full of seeds.
Furthermore, Wine is manufactured from two types of grapes: white grapes (actually green in color) and black grapes (actually red-colored).
Additionally, many other characteristics, like the wine area, tannins, sweetness, acidity, body, and flavors, influence the character of a wine.
Still, we won’t dive into the subtleties of all of that right now. Instead, let’s keep things basic and look at the most common different types of wine:
Table of Contents
1. Red Wine
Red wines are formed from grapes with black skins and colorless liquid. The grape skins mingle with the juice (called must) when the grapes are pressed at the winery, resulting in a reddish-purple beverage.
Tannins molecules responsible for red wine’s bitterness and mouth-drying quality are also found in grape skins. Also, red wine tannins work as a preservative.
Note that Red wines with higher tannin molecules can age longer than white wines (which do not have tannin) or red wines with lower tannin.
Red wine’s tannins and anthocyanins come out of suspension as it ages, forming sediment at the bottom of the bottle. However, decanting can be used to remove this sediment.
Many red wines are matured in new oak barrels to give sweet baking spice, cocoa, chocolate, and vanilla flavors and aromas to the wine.
Furthermore, the tannic structure of red wine is also softened by oak barrel aging, making the wine taste smoother.
Red wine is one of the different types of wine. Red wine flavors and smells vary based on the aging technique and grape varietals used.
Also, Red wines have red fruit flavors like strawberry, raspberry, red cherries, red plum, pomegranate, and cranberry, as well as black and blue fruit flavors like black cherry, black plum, blackberry, and blackcurrant (blueberry).
Wines from warmer climates have more luscious, jammy fruit flavors. Earthy scents like potting soil, wet leaves, and barnyard are familiar in the Old World.
In addition, Red Wine is one of the different types of wine which is categorized below:
Bordeaux Red Wine
Many red wines are made up of a variety of grapes. Bordeaux is the best red blend, a French wine made from cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, merlot, and other grapes.
Because Bordeaux is a protected appellation, identical blends created in California’s Napa Valley, for example, would be labeled “Meritage” instead (indicating a Bordeaux-style blend)
Some red wines, such as Chianti, comes from central Italy and are strongly associated with a single grape (in this case, Sangiovese). Yet, the appellation’s laws allow for a small percentage of other grapes to be mixed in.
Rioja is a Spanish blended wine created primarily from the tempranillo grape, the world’s third most planted vine.
Also, Rioja is a type of wine made from a blend of tempranillo, Marzullo (also known as Carignan), Garnacha, and Graciano grapes, all of which contribute body and structure to this dry, velvety, and woody wine.
Furthermore, Rioja wines are classified by the amount of time they have spent maturing rather than by vineyard sites, as is the case in Burgundy.
Syrah is a grape red wine variety commonly used to produce single-varietal wines. Also, Syrah is a very approachable wine with a robust body and deep, meaty, black fruit notes. This is one of the different types of wines.
This grape and wine are nearly solely produced in southern Italy under Primitivo, whereas the rest of the world refers to them as “zinfandel.” Primitivo wines are recognized for their high alcohol concentration, fruity aromas of raisins and black cherries, and high alcohol content.
Fruity and enjoyable Beaujolais are red wines that don’t behave like one. Glou-glou (French for “glug-glug,” the sound it produces as you gulp it down!) is defined by its low tannin content.
However, this wine has a style for every occasion, from banana and bubblegum-scented Beaujolais nouveau to funky, mineral cru Beaujolais that could pass for pinot noir. This is one of the different types of wine available.
2. White Wine
White wines are produced from green-skinned grapes with colorless juice. Before fermentation, the grape skins are removed for white wines.
Because white wines lack the tannins that red wines get from contact with the grape skins, acid structure and aroma are more significant.
However, white wines are more likely to be matured in stainless steel barrels, which preserve the aromatic freshness of the wine.
Vanilla, baking spices, coconut, and caramel smells and flavors can be added to white wines by oak aging. Furthermore, White wines come in various styles, from dry to sweet.
Italian pinot grigio, French muscadet, and Austrian grüner veltliner are examples of classic dry white wines. However, some winemakers use the same grapes to make dry and sweet wines.
Also, Riesling grapes are harvested at various stages of ripeness in Germany to produce multiple wines, some lovely and others dry, all from the same vineyard.
Producers of Chenin blanc grapes in France’s Loire Valley will make dry sparkling wine in excellent vintages and sweet dessert wine in warm vintages.
White Wine is one of the different types of wine which is categorized below:
Pinot grigio is a grape commonly used to make a light, pleasant white wine with various names in different countries.
In Italy, it’s called pinot grigio, whereas, in France, it’s called pinot gris. Pinot grigio is a light, crisp, and dry white wine.
After chardonnay it is the most popular white wine in the United States. Moreover, Pinot grigio is a dry, acidic, medium to light-bodied wine.
However, depending on the grape-growing location, certain pinot grigios can have a whole to medium body and be sweet and lemony.
Sauvignon blanc is one of the different types of wine and one of the world’s most popular white wine grapes, renowned for its distinctive zesty, fruity scent, and crisp acidity.
The characteristics of Sauvignon blanc vary depending on where it is grown, ranging from grassy and grapefruity in France and Italy to robust, powerful tropical fruit and jalapeno in New Zealand.
Riesling is a delicious, flowery white wine made from an aromatic white grape. Aromas of citrus, stone fruit, white florals, and petrol are familiar in Riesling wines, which are light in body and high in acidity. Riesling is one of the different types of wine.
The most popular white wine in the world is Chardonnay. The green-skinned grape may be found in practically every central wine area.
The chardonnay grape is naturally neutral, but it can swiftly take on a range of diverse flavors depending on where it is cultivated and how it is aged. The outcome is a wine that is easy to drink and has a low acidity level.
3. Rose Wine
Rosé wines are prepared from red grapes, but after a brief maceration time, the grape skins are removed from the must (usually less than 24 hours).
The wine’s pink color comes from the skins, but they don’t provide much tannin. Rosé wines can have flavors similar to red wines, such as strawberry, cherry, and raspberry, as well as flavors that are more typical of white wines, such as citrus and tropical fruit.
4. Sparkling Wine
Sparkling wines come in various colors, including white, rosé, and red. Depending on the appellation requirements of the region where they are manufactured, they can be made from any grape variety.
You can prepare sparkling wines from a single grape variety or a combination of grapes. Sparkling wines range in sweetness from dry (like brut nature Champagne) to sweet (like Moscato d’Asti).
However, most sparkling wines contain a few grams of sugar to counter their firm acidity. Furthermore, Champagne and prosecco are two of the most well-known sparkling wines.
Champagne can be either a varietal wine (produced from a single grape variety, such as chardonnay, pinot noir, or pinot Meunier) or a blended wine (made from the allowed grapes).
It is produced using the méthode champenoise, commonly known as the classic method. Furthermore, It entails a first alcoholic fermentation followed by secondary fermentation to make the bubbles in the bottle.
The Charmat process is used to make Prosecco, which is always a varietal wine created from the glera grape. Also, the secondary fermentation takes place in a big closed tank before the wine is bottled.
5. Fortified Wine
The addition of distilled grape spirit to fully or partially fermented wine produces fortified wines (also known as vin de liqueur in Europe).
Except for rare dry sherry varietals, most fortified wines are sweet. Port, Madeira, Marsala, Sherry, Marvin, and the vin doux nature of southern France are all fortified wines.
Herbs and botanicals are sometimes used to aromatize fortified wines like vermouth. In addition, the alcohol content of fortified wines is higher than that of other types of wine.