10 Different Types of White Wine and Their Best Food Pairing

Different Types of White Wine
Photo by Matthieu Joannon

What type of white wine should I drink? There are different types of white wine varieties out there, from dry wines to sweet ones. How do you tell them apart?

White wine is an alcoholic beverage produced primarily from grapes grown in Europe and North America.

The term comes from the French word blanc meaning “white” or “transparent.” White wine is usually consumed chilled and has a light body.

There are several types of white wine, depending on where they come from and how they are made. Some are sweeter, and some are drier.

Dry white wines tend to be lighter-bodied and less acidic. Sweet white wines are often richer and heavier-bodied.

This article highlights the different types of white wine to help you choose the right one for your next dinner party.

Table of Contents

How Many Different Types of White Wine Are There?

While Chardonnay, Blanc, and Reisling get the most attention, there are 20 different types of white wine grapes.

We’ll explore the ten most popular options you can access today and how to pair them with food.

1. Chardonnay

Chardonnay is a moderate to fill dry white wine from the Burgundy area of France. It is one of the most intricate and creative grape varieties available.

Depending on the type, they can be sweeter or dryer. However, Chardonnay’s distinctive finish prevents it from prevailing flat or dessert-like. It pairs well with halibut, prawns, crabs, and, most nuts, cashews.

2. Sauvignon Blanc

Sauvignon Blanc is one of the different types of white wine for people who don’t know what to order. Its zesty scents and fragrant, acidic flavors make it perfect for new wine enthusiasts.

This grape is aboriginal to the Loire Valley. It’s one of the most densely grown globally, resulting in a broad spectrum of earthy odors and tastes. It goes well with spaghetti, chicken, and chocolate mint. 

3. Moscato

Moscato is a sweet, fruity wine best served as a dessert wine. It produces a fragrant and scented sparkling wine with zesty acidity.

Moscato grapes are among the world’s earliest unaltered vine varieties. The silky flows and relaxed, sweet richness dance in the mouth, earning it the title of white wine. It goes great together with celery, pears, and ice cream.

4. Pinot Grigio

This wine has a light body and a bouquet of fresh, flowery scents, making it one of the most famous Italian wines.

Pinot Grigio has a wide range of flavors based on its region of cultivation, ranging from dry varietals from Northern Italy to citrus, zesty flavors of New World Pinot Grigios. 

There’s even a sweet-style Pinot Grigio created with good rot and delayed harvest grapes to generate candied, honeyed flavors.

Pinot Grigio is a heavier-bodied wine with a little less fruit-forward palate that will appeal to those who love thicker wines with a little less fruit-forward palate. Chicken, melons, and cream sauces go with it.

5. Riesling

Riesling has a wide range of flavor characteristics to satisfy almost every drinker’s preferences. It’s a fragrant, powerful white wine with an intense bouquet.

It’s a terrific choice if you want something sweet to smooth off any heat, and it may range from very rich to bone dry.

Rieslings are often lighter, have a lower alcohol content, and are less prone to overwhelm the palate when consumed alone or with food. It goes very well with fish and dumplings.

6. Viognier

Viognier is a filled white wine with delicate peach, orange, and floral notes. It comes from the Northern Rhone area of southern France and has a round, rich, and strong flavor with an almost oily texture.

With less acidity than Chardonnay, these flavors are more likely to succeed, with a pleasant, fresh end and lingering aftertastes. Seafood, fried rice, and roasted chicken are perfect accompaniments.

7. Cortese

A glass of Cortese is the ideal white wine to unwind. It’s fresh, tangy, structured, and delicious, with a mellow herbal, smoky, and fruit aroma. The fairest Cortese wines emanate from northern Italy’s Piedmont. 

While Cortese grapes are among the top vines, they require a warm environment to grow their fruit slowly. It complements most chicken recipes and salads.

8. Albarino

The stoned fruit flavors of peach and even jasmine in the beautifully refreshing Albarino white wine complement the zesty notes of citrus and grapefruit.

Most Albarino comes from the Rias Baixas and Vinho Verde regions of Spain and Portugal. Salads and cheeses go well with it.

9. Semillon

Semillon grapes have distinct herbaceous flavors, similar to sauvignon blanc but with a body and freshness akin to chardonnay.

Flavors seem to last better on the tongue and roof of the mouth and leave a more subtle sensation than the first sip. It is the third most often planted wine variety in France. 

This one has a more opulent, zestier flavor note than other white wines. It’s a good match with sweet potatoes, ham, and black bean soup.

10. Gewurztraminer

Few wines are as tart and flowery as Gewurztraminers in terms of flavor. Even the sweetest white wines can’t rival the freshness and lush flavors you’ll get in a glass of this French-German quality grape. 

Gewurztraminer has a special blend of flavors and aromas that entice you to drink them even before you’ve poured a glass.

Gewurztraminers are fragrant grapes that fool the perceptions into believing they’re richer and less sour than they are, resulting in some interesting effects. Sushi, creamy soup, and sweet chicken are all good pairings.

Final Thoughts

Wine is a great way to enjoy your meals. White wine is a versatile beverage that pairs well with many foods. You don’t need to be a sommelier to know what to serve with what.

Just remember to keep things simple! The different types of white wine listed here will help you create a menu that suits your taste and budget.

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