44 Different Types of Potatoes

Different Types of Potatoes
Photo by 652234

This article discusses some of the different types of potatoes worldwide. Everything goes well with this starchy ingredient.

After all, a deli sandwich isn’t complete without a bag of chips, a burger without a side of fries, or a hearty stew without some potatoes.

We spend a lot of time with potatoes, so it’s a shame that we haven’t invested more time in getting to know them.

You inquire, “What is there to know?” Potato varieties have distinct flavors and textures (sweet, vegetal, nutty, starchy, waxy, moist, and floury). These two characteristics ultimately determine how to use your tubers.

We spend a lot of time with potatoes, so it’s a shame that we haven’t invested more time in getting to know them.

You inquire, “What is there to know?” Potato varieties have distinct flavors and textures (sweet, vegetal, nutty, starchy, waxy, moist, and floury).

These two characteristics ultimately determine how to use your tubers. Here is a comprehensive guide to some of the different types of potatoes.

1. Russet Potatoes

This widely available potato variety was created in Idaho in the 1870s as the Russet Burbank (via Idaho Potato). 90% of the 13 billion pounds of potatoes harvested in the state each year are currently russets.

The long, oval-shaped tuber typically ranges in size from medium to large, has rough brown skin, and an interior that is either white or pale yellow (via Potatoes USA). 

The preferred variety for baked potatoes and French fries is the russet, which is very starchy. Given their low moisture content, they are also among the best varieties of potatoes for mashed potatoes. They have a light, soft texture because they soak up a lot of liquid.

2. Yukon Gold Potatoes

Yukon Golds were created in Ontario, Canada, in the 1960s and 1970s (through the University of Nebraska-Lincoln).

It took some time for these potatoes with golden brown skin and yellow flesh to become well-liked, but today over 1800 acres across the country are set aside each year specifically for this variety. 

This versatile variety, which falls between a waxy and starchy potato, lends itself to roasting, frying, boiling, and sautéing, among other cooking techniques.

Yukon Golds don’t absorb much water, so they are less likely to become gummy, giving you creamy, dense mashed potatoes.

Also, these tubers are perfect for a German potato salad due to their ability to maintain their shape while cooking. Furthermore, Yukon Golds that have just been harvested are prized for roasting and sautéing.

Peel Yukon Gold potatoes and boil for 20 to 25 minutes in salted water for our Spanish-style potatoes recipe. Then, pan-fry the potatoes in olive oil with parsley and garlic until crispy.

Add butter and parsley to finish. Your potatoes will be flavorful and have a crunchy exterior and tender interior. This is one of the different types of potatoes.

3. German Butterball Potatoes

German Butterballs are medium to large round potatoes with pale yellow skin and a golden waxy interior that was first developed in Idaho in 1988 by David Ronniger. These potatoes are creamy and tender with a buttery flavor, much like Yukon Golds.

Furthermore, they work well in virtually any recipe where Yukon Golds would typically be used, including steaming, baking, frying, mashing, and so on.

Given their naturally rich flavor, they also make good roasting potatoes and don’t need a lot of seasoning.

4. Japanese Sweet Potatoes

These purple-skinned potatoes have starchy, white flesh that is slightly sweeter than other sweet potato varieties and has a nuttiness that pairs well with various savory dishes.

Additionally, they taste especially good when roasted or grilled whole. This potato is one of the different types of potatoes. 

5. Adirondack Red Potatoes

The Cornell University-bred Adirondack Red potato variety has red skin, pink flesh that is lightly netted, and a fine, succulent texture.

The lovely red tubers are excellent when roasted, baked, sautéed, or added to salads because they largely remain spotless. They are a great addition to any diet because of their high antioxidant content.

Adirondack Red is unique in that it has high antioxidant levels and colored skin and flesh. Early- to mid-season, medium- to high-yielding is how this variety is described.

The golden cyst nematode and silver scurf disease can affect Adirondack Red potatoes. They are only slightly resistant to common scabs. This is one of the different types of potatoes.

6. Bonnotte Potatoes

A prized variety of potatoes known for their delicate flavor and the fact that they can only be grown in a particular area is the bonnotte.

Similar to the soil on the Île de Noirmoutierand, the soil on the Isle of Jersey is fertilized by the buildup of algae and sea salt, giving them its distinct flavor. They are hand-picked for seven days in May.

Furthermore, despite their high cost, potatoes are highly sought after because of their scarcity and distinctive flavor. Bonnotte is one of the different types of potatoes.

7. All-Blue Potatoes

Little-known facts about all-blue potatoes include that they were originally blue and had comparable antioxidant properties to kale and spinach.

All-Blue potatoes have smooth skin and a deep blue color. They are smaller than other varieties of potatoes but have a flavor reminiscent of butter.

Furthermore, these gorgeous blue heirloom vegetables are a wonderful addition to any diet, so I strongly advise people to grow them.

In addition to being healthy, they are also delicious and can liven up and color your meal. For roasting, mash-making, or boiling, blue potatoes are ideal.

8. Almond Potatoes

Swedish fingerling potatoes come in the variety known as almond potatoes. They are small and oblong, have a firm texture, have white flesh, and have thin skin. They work best when roasted, boiled, or pan-fried.

However, you can use the versatile ingredient almond potatoes in various recipes. Try them roasted with other vegetables or in a potato salad.

They are a wonderful complement to any meal. Almond potatoes are one of the different types of potatoes.

9. Anya Potatoes

Anya potatoes, one of the different types of potatoes, are renowned for their creamy texture and thin skin. They typically don’t have large sizes.

The Scottish Crop Research Institute has been growing Anya, a variety of potatoes. Lady Sainsbury inspired its name.

After Lady Sainsbury’s passing in 1885, Anya—a hybrid of Désirée and Pink Fir Apple—was given a name.

One variety of fingerling potato is the fingerling, which has a long, knobbly oval shape, pinkish beige skin, and white waxy flesh. The Anya is a superb boiling potato that you can prepare in several ways.

10. Arran Victory Potatoes

A heritage potato variety with a high yield is Arran Victory. The variety of Arran Victory is excellent for roasting and baking.

Their bright white flesh contrasts sharply with their vivid blue-purple skin. The potatoes prefer full sun or part shade and are ideal for pots and containers. 

They are resistant to disease and favor early planting in February or March for a harvest in August or regular planting in April for a harvest in September or October.

11. Bamberg Potatoes

The Franconian potato variety is called Bamberg. Its name is derived from the German town of Bamberg.

The Bamberg potato has a waxy texture and is a small, typically long, irregularly shaped potato. It tastes nutty and has firm, light yellow flesh.

It is a specialty of the area and a threat from southern Germany that the European Union protects. Due to the difficulty of planting and the low yield, it was almost extinct.

Furthermore, farmers rarely grow much of it for commercial purposes, but some grow it in gardens for domestic use.

The Bamberg can be purchased outside its origin in delicatessen shops, from specialized vendors, farmers’ markets, and organic grocery stores.

12. Bintje Potatoes

The Bintje potato is a popular Dutch variety valued for its large, thick, and fluffy texture. The Bintje potato is a popular Dutch variety, prized for its large, thick oval shape and soft, fluffy texture.

This potato is notable for its creamy yellow flesh and similar skin tone. Bintje is one of the different types of potatoes.

13. Charlotte Potatoes

Charlotte potatoes are excellent for boiling or roasting because of their high yield, mild flavor, and creamy yellow and white skin.

They also taste great hot or cold and have a fresh flavor. Charlotte potatoes are harvested in the first few weeks of summer as a second early variety.

They are frequently mentioned by name in numerous recipes, so you can be sure they are a good choice.

They’re slightly waxy, which makes them a great choice for boiling. They are a good option for salads because of their shape.

For excellent results, roast or sauté Charlotte potatoes. In conclusion, Charlotte potatoes are a fantastic choice for your upcoming meal.

14. Butte Potatoes

If you’re looking for a traditional Idaho baking potato, butte potatoes are a fantastic option. These are also resistant to late blight and scab disease.

They are russet, which refers to their rough, brown skin, and have 58 percent more vitamin C and 20 percent more protein than non-russet varieties.

However, if you’re looking for a delicious, healthy potato to bake, mash, or fry, butte potatoes are a great choice. In 110–135 days, they reach maturity.

Butte potatoes are resistant to scab disease, late blight, and the nematode species Pratylenchus neglectus and Pratylenchus, penetrans that cause lesions. Butte is one of the different types of potatoes.

15. Chiloe Potatoes

The Chiloé archipelago has a variety of Chiloé potato varieties. After Peru and Bolivia’s Titicaca region, it is the geographic center where you can find the most distinctive varieties of potatoes.

The potato (Solanum tuberosum), a native of the Chiloé Archipelago, has been grown by the island’s indigenous people since before the Spanish conquest, according to historical accounts, local agriculturalists, and DNA analysis.

But Chiloé potatoes are more adapted to the long-day conditions typical of southern Chile’s higher latitude region.

Earlier Peruvian potato strains were replaced in Europe by varieties from the Chiloé Archipelago following the disastrous European Potato Failure in the 1840s.

In ancient Chilote folklore, chiles were revered as a plant that could heal. In Chiloé mythology and folk medicine, it is also significant.

This species has had a significant influence on the history and culture of Chile and Europe. Moreover, it is one of the oldest crops still grown today. Chiloe is one of the different types of potatoes.

16. Desiree Potatoes

Dutch breeders created the Desiree potato variety in 1962. It has a distinctive flavor and red skin and yellow flesh. Due to its resistance to drought and relative disease resistance, it is a favorite among allotment owners.

It is useful for all types of cooking, from roasting to mashing and salads, and is fairly waxy and firm. Additionally, the Desiree potato has excellent resistance to PVY, late tuber blight, blackleg, and immunity to potato warts.

However, as a result, those looking for a tasty, disease-resistant potato should consider the Desiree potato.

17. Gala Potatoes

Gala potatoes are highly prized because of their superior eating and storing characteristics. They are a sizeable, oval-shaped white potato variety that ranges in color from cream to light yellow and has a firm texture.

It was selected as Thuringia’s potato of the year in 2010 and is still a consumer favorite. This potato is distinguished by its early ripening, firm flesh, and excellent flavor.

Furthermore, it is best to boil, roast, or steam them. Germans are the original breeders of gala potatoes.

Gala is a fantastic choice if you’re looking for a satisfying and reliable potato. Gala is one of the different types of potatoes.

18. Fingerlings Potatoes

Regarding fingerling potatoes, there are different types of potato varieties. The French Fingerling, Purple Peruvian, and Russian Banana are a few of the more well-known varieties.

Fingerling potatoes come in various hues, from purple to blue, and have a rich, buttery flavor and yellow flesh. The firm and waxy texture make it the perfect potato for salads and casseroles.

Waxy potatoes don’t go limp in salads or get soggy in casseroles because they don’t absorb oil as quickly as mealy potatoes.

19. Golden Wonder Potatoes

Famous Russet potato varieties include Golden Wonder potatoes. They have a great, creamy-colored, light-skinned potato shape that ranges from oval to oblong.

They are ideal for roasting, making chips or fries, or mashing because they are fluffy and soft. Scottish-born potatoes called “Golden Wonder” have gained popularity among many home cooks.

20. Home Guard Potatoes

The white variety of potatoes known as the Home Guard is one of the different types of potatoes from the UK.

These potatoes are small to medium in size, oblong to round in shape, and have thin beige skin and white flesh.

Also, you can use them in soups, stews, boiled, steamed, and pan-fried dishes. The firm texture of Home Guard potatoes is well-known. They retain their shape well and taste creamy when cooked.

21. Irish Lumper Potatoes

Since the middle of the nineteenth century, Irish farmers have been cultivating the potato variety known as Irish Lumper.

These medium-firm, waxy potatoes are perfect for a variety of cooking applications. They have lumpy skin, white flesh, and light yellow coloring.

Furthermore, a versatile potato, the Irish Lumper is great for mashed potatoes, roast potatoes, boiled potatoes, and more.

22. Jazzy Potatoes

The jazz potato is one variety of potatoes known for having a lot of starch. A small, set-skinned variety known as the Jazzy potato is frequently used in baked goods and mashed potatoes. Jazz potatoes are also well-liked by home cooks who prefer to make their chips or French fries. 

These potatoes have a creamy texture when cooked and are perfect for frying due to their high starch content.

In most grocery stores, you can find jazz potatoes all year long. Jazzy is one of the different types of potatoes.

23. Jersey Royal Potatoes

The history of the Jersey Royal potato dates back to the 19th century. Hugh de la Haye planted the first potatoes in Jersey in 1886.

Jersey Island inspired the name of the new potato, which quickly gained popularity among island visitors.

Furthermore, the Jersey Royal potato, one of the most well-liked vegetables in the UK, is now a significant contributor to the island’s economy.

Over 1,000 hectares of land in Jersey are used to grow potatoes, which are then exported to other nations.

24. Katahdin Potatoes

Smooth skin, yellowish flesh, and a traditional potato flavor characterize Katahdin potatoes. They are ideal for boiling, baking, and making French fries because they are fluffy, creamy, smooth, and soft.

They are not ideal for potato gratins, potato salads, or any other dish where the potatoes must maintain their shape. This variety of potatoes first appeared in 1932. Its flesh is white, and its skin is a buff color. 

Furthermore, It is a late-season variety with high yields and resistance to drought. You can store the potatoes very well.

This late-maturing white-flesh, buff-skinned potato has a flat, rounded shape. This is one of the different types of potatoes that is an ideal potato for soups and stews in the later winter.

25. Kennebec Potatoes

The versatile variety of Kennebec potatoes can be used in various recipes. They have a medium-firm texture and a mildly nutty flavor. The potatoes are oblong or round in shape and medium in size.

 They were developed in the early 20th century and are still widely used today. You can boil, roast, mash, or use Kennebec potatoes in soups and stews. 

Furthermore, they are an adaptable variety that goes well with any dish. American-born Kennebec potatoes are still well-liked by those who enjoy potatoes. This is one of the different types of potatoes.

26. Vitelotte Potatoes

The Vitelotte potato is one the rarest different types of potatoes with violet-blue flesh, dark blue skin, and a distinctive chestnut-like flavor and aroma.

The anthocyanin group of flavonoids, which are natural pigments, gives the Vitelotte potato its distinctive color. The color is kept after cooking.

France is the original home of the Vitelotte potato, which has been grown there since the early nineteenth century.

You first mentioned these potatoes in a source from 1817, when both vitelotte and Violette were listed as available potato varieties at the Les Halles market (“violet”).

Furthermore, the plants take longer to mature and yield less than modern varieties. The elongated, sunken-eyed tubers have thick skin that helps them keep well.

27. King Edwards Potatoes

A variety of potatoes known as King Edward has been grown in the UK since 1902. With pink highlights, its skin color is mostly white. Its texture is floury, and its eyes are small. 

The plant is upright and broad, with numerous stems and tiny green leaves. Its flowers have purple petals with white tips.

This potato cultivar’s debut coincided with King Edward VII’s coronation in 1902, and the word “commemoration” has been associated with it. 

According to rumors, the grower wrote to Buckingham Palace to ask permission to name his potato after the king, and he reportedly received a positive response.

People often use King Edward potatoes for roasting, mashing, and baking. They work well for chips and french fries as well. When cooked, they have a fluffy, light texture and a mildly sweet flavor.

The King Edward potato is currently not a common crop in the UK, despite being one of the oldest cultivars still in use. However, it continues to be well-liked in other regions of Europe and is exported to other nations.

28. Korean Sweet Potatoes

Two Korean farmers, Kang P’il-RI and Yi Kwang-ry brought the first Korean Sweet potato varieties to Korea in 1764. They knew some Japanese sweet potato farmers had spent some time in Korea.

Initial efforts to grow sweet potatoes in Seoul were successful, and they eventually became a common food.

Sweet potatoes are now a common ingredient in Korean cooking and are frequently served as a side dish or in vegetable salads.

Many traditional Korean dishes, including gamjajorim and the noodle dish japchae, also incorporate sweet potatoes (braised potatoes). This is one of the different types of potatoes.

29. Marcy Potatoes

A late-maturing white potato variety called Marcy was developed in 1990 at Cornell University. Its size, shape, and consistent color make it a good chip option.

It has a long shelf life; even after only brief to intermediate storage, the color of the chips does not deteriorate. Also, the Marcy potato has a high yield and good common scab resistance.

30. Maris Piper Potatoes

The Maris Piper variety is one of the most common potato varieties in the UK. The spring and summer seasons are typically when Maris Piper potatoes are grown.

Depending on the area, they can be harvested anywhere from late June to early October. This variety can be used for mashed potatoes, roast potatoes, and chips, among other things.

It was developed in 1966 and is resistant to a strain of the potato cyst nematode, a significant pest of potatoes grown in the UK.

31. Melody Potatoes

Dutch-bred Melody potatoes have skin that is smooth and yellow. It is a common option for farmers because of its high yield potential and strong disease resistance.

These potatoes have pale yellow flesh that is cooked. The Melody variety is a fantastic choice if you’re looking for a potato that you can use in a variety of dishes.

Melody potatoes are typically used to make mashed or soft-boiled potatoes because of their firm texture.

Furthermore, the Melody potato is particularly resistant to Globodera rostochiensis, Fusarium sulphureum (dry rot), common scab, and bruising (a potato cyst nematode).

32. Nicola Potatoes

A white potato variety originally from Germany, Nicola potatoes were named Germany’s potato of the year in 2016.

They are long, oval to oblong, and have a firm texture. The skin and flesh are both a creamy yellow color. Nicola potatoes are versatile and can be used in various recipes in addition to being boiled, mashed, and roasted.

33. Ozette Potatoes

The potatoes known as “Ozette, one of the different types of potatoes, dated back hundreds of years and were found in Washington, USA.

They are distinguished by their unusual shape and numerous lumpy bumps. It is a fingerling vegetable with a wavy shape and numerous bumps, but it tastes nutty and delicious.

The Ozette potatoes are delicious and adaptable, working well in baked, mashed, roasted, or pan-fried dishes. Despite having a waxy texture, they are regarded as all-arounder due to their adaptability.

34. Pink Fir Apple Potatoes

Some consumers enjoy apple potatoes’ distinctive, knobby texture, while others detest it. These potatoes are typically more expensive than the Yellow Finn variety and are renowned for their rich, nutty flavor. Although they are challenging to peel, their creamy, waxy flesh is worth the trouble. 

Furthermore, The Anya potato was created by crossing them with the Désirée variety after they were first brought to the United Kingdom from France in 1850. Pink Fir is one of the different types of potatoes

35. New Potatoes

The skin of new potatoes is thinner, and their flavor is more delicate and earthy. While regular potatoes are available all year long, new potatoes are typically only available from early spring to mid-summer.

The fact that new potatoes are harvested before they reach their full size is the key distinction between them and regular potatoes. This is one of the different types of potatoes.

36. Ratte Potatoes

Small potatoes with a nutty flavor, known as “ratte potatoes,” are preferred by French chefs. Golden yellow flesh and a buttery, smooth texture make up this fruit. 

This potato is typically harvested by hand and is well-known for its excellent texture and flavor. Due to its hand harvesting and low yield, this cultivar commands a high price.

Ratte potatoes can be roughly mashed and are frequently used in salads or casseroles. According to legend, the type of French soil farmers uses to grow the Ratte potato gives it its nutty flavor. 

Furthermore, the Ratte potato is a great option if you want a distinctive and flavorful potato that is frequently used in salads or casseroles and can be roughly mashed. Ratte is one of the different types of potatoes.

37. Red Pontiac Potatoes

A red-skinned potato with white flesh is a red Pontiac potato. They have medium-sized potatoes and skin that is thin and smooth. In the 1940s, Canada began to grow this crop. They are now well-liked in Canada and the US.

Furthermore, they are suitable for boiling, baking, and mashed potatoes because they mature quickly and are harvested earlier than other different types of potatoes.

38. Red Bliss Potatoes

Red-skinned potatoes are known as Red Bliss potatoes. Also, they come in all shapes and sizes but are typically small to medium-sized.

They have smooth, slightly waxy, thin skin. Red potatoes have firm, dense flesh. Red potatoes are suitable for roasting, boiling, and baking because of their slightly sweet flavor. You can use them to make potato chips when they are thinly sliced.

39. Rooster Potatoes

Rooster potatoes are a cultivar of potatoes that lends itself well to roasting, baking, and making chips. They have soft yellow flesh and a rich, earthy flavor.

In 2004, 38% of all potatoes produced in the Republic of Ireland were “Rooster” potatoes. At the Teagasc Oak Park Research Center in Carlow, Ireland, by Harry Kehoe. This is one of the different types of potatoes.

40. Laura Potatoes

Red-skinned potatoes are a recent variety, and the Laura potato has only been grown since 1998. Also, you can use it in various applications because it is versatile.

The Laura potato is one of the different types of potato with a firm texture is one of its best qualities. It can therefore be boiled, mashed, and fried with ease.

The potato has a lovely appearance due to its deep red skin and rich yellow flesh, making it ideal for presentations.

The Laura potato is a wonderful choice for both soups and stews. Its firm texture holds up well when cooked for a long time, and the flavor is light enough not to overpower other ingredients.

41. Ranger Russet Potatoes

Late-maturing Ranger Russet potatoes are used for baking and making fries. It was first developed by USDA employee Joseph J. Pavek in Aberdeen, Idaho, and released in 1991 in collaboration with the agricultural stations of Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and Colorado. 

Furthermore, the Ranger Russet plant has a single, prominent wing that is wavy and between medium and tall and semi-erect.

42. Shetland Potatoes

Shetland The Shetland Islands are home to the dark purple potato known as the black potato. It is a Victorian-era creation that is a part of the United Kingdom Ark of Taste.

The plant can be grown in a container because of its shallow roots and height of about 2.5 feet.

It is smaller than the majority of contemporary potatoes, slices with a purple ring near the edge, and, when cooked, has a fluffy texture. It has thick, uneven skin that is a dark purple color.

Furthermore, the potato is tasty when roasted, baked, steamed, or fried into chips or crisps. This is one of the different types of potatoes.

43. Sweet Potatoes

Among the root vegetables, sweet potatoes are tuberous. They typically have an earthy, sweet flavor and are orange or yellow.

Although they are two different vegetables, sweet potatoes and yams are sometimes used interchangeably. 

Yams are starchy root vegetables from Africa and Asia, while these sweet potatoes are a member of the morning glory family.

Dietary fiber, vitamin A, and vitamin C are in good amounts in sweet potatoes. They can be prepared in various ways, such as roasting, frying, and baking.

44. Vivaldi Potatoes

A cultivar of Dutch potato named Vivaldi was created by HZPC and later sold to “Naturally Best” in Lincolnshire, England.

The potatoes are grown in Great Britain and other nations, allowing for year-round availability, so the name was chosen as a major tribute to Antonio Vivaldi.

Its mild sweetness and soft, velvet-like texture make it the perfect complement to mashed or boiled potatoes that maintain their shape.

Additionally, it is a smart choice for people trying to lose weight because it contains fewer calories and carbs than other popular potato varieties.

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