20 Different Types of Fruits Explained

Different Types of Fruits

Fruits are natural food suitable for human health. There are so many kinds of fruits. Here I will introduce to you different types of fruits.

There are many examples of fruit: pears, plums, peaches, apples, bananas, oranges, etc.

They are rich in vitamins, minerals, and natural sugars and have a lot of fiber.

What is a Fruit?

Fruit makes up a significant part of our diets. Did you know that many foods we think of as vegetables are fruits?

According to the botanical definition, fruit is a seed-bearing part that comes from a flowering plant or tree that we can eat as food.

Fruit is typically defined as any sweet-tasting plant product with seeds.

Different Categories of Fruits

Different Types of Fruits

Below are the categories of fruits and their health benefits with examples;

1. Caryopsis

Caryopsis is one of the different types of fruits. We refer to them primarily as grain; it is a grass-specific dry, one-seeded fruit (achene).

The ovary wall is joined to the seed coat, making separation difficult unless you utilize unique milling processes. Except for buckwheat, all cereal grains have caryopses.

For the fact that we know many caryopses as grain. That is how you can identify some of the more well-known caryopsis plants.

Many popular grains are among the fruits, including various types of wheat, rice, and corn. (You can also identify many caryopsis fruits by the outer husks they develop to adapt to their surroundings.)

So, whenever you’re in the cereal aisle, you can thank a caryopsis for the lovely bounty of options. And you can toast the specific type of seed that brings us a toast!

The caryopsis is a good source of several nutrients, including carbohydrates, protein, and minerals such as iron and magnesium.

It also contains a range of vitamins, including vitamins B1, B2, and niacin. The caryopsis is low in fat and calories, making it a healthy food choice.

The health benefits of caryopsis fruits are numerous. They can help to regulate blood sugar levels, as well as blood pressure and cholesterol levels. They can also help to improve digestion and promote healthy gut flora.

Additionally, caryopsis fruits are a good source of antioxidants that can help protect the body against free radical damage.

2. Berry

Berry is among the different types of fruits. They are the most popular type of fruit due to their delectable flavor. We also regard them as the world’s healthiest food.

Depending on their classification, Berries are small juicy fruits with a sour, sweet, or tart flavor. They include strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, and others.

Berries are extremely healthy because they have a high concentration of antioxidants in a small package.

Berry fruits are not only delicious, but they also offer a variety of health benefits.

Here are just a few of the many reasons why you should include berries in your diet:

  • They have antioxidants, which protect your cells from damage.
  • These fruits can help improve your heart health.
  • They can also help boost your immune system.
  • Berry fruits can help improve your cognitive function.
  • Moreso, they can help lower your risk of certain chronic diseases.

So, as you can see, there are many good reasons to eat berries! So, go ahead and enjoy them as part of a healthy diet.

3. Legume

Legume, also known as a pod, is the fruit of pea plants (Fabaceae). Most legumes are dehiscent fruits that split open along two seams to release their seeds, though some, such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) and carobs (Ceratonia siliqua), do not available naturally.

The fruits vary in size and shape; however, many are long and narrow and bear their seeds in a single line.

The monkey ladder (Entada gigas) carries the essential legumes, which can grow 2 meters (6.6 feet) long.

There are a variety of legume fruits, including beans, peas, and lentils, which offer a range of health benefits. These fruits are a good source of protein and fiber.

They also contain antioxidants and phytochemicals that can protect against chronic diseases.

Some legumes fruits include:

  • Chickpeas (garbanzo beans)
  • Peanuts
  • Black beans
  • Green peas
  • Pinto beans
  • Lima beans
  • Kidney beans
  • Black-eyed peas
  • Lentils
  • Navy beans
  • Great Northern beans
  • Soybeans

The above examples of fruits are under the categories of legumes.

4. Nut

Nuts are fruits under the different types of fruits we have. They are dry, single-seeded fruits with high oil content.

A leathery or solid outer layer typically surrounds them. In botany, nuts are dry fruit with a single seed, a hard shell, and a protective husk.

Chestnuts, hazelnuts, pecans, and walnuts are all examples of nuts. Peanuts and almonds do not fit the botanical definition of a nut.

Peanuts are legumes, and almonds have a plum-like fleshy coat. People worldwide enjoy these fruits, whether they are actual “nuts” or not.

The following are the examples of nuts we have;

  • Pine Nuts
  • Tiger Nuts
  • Egusi Seeds
  • Kola Nuts
  • Peanuts
  • Saba Nuts
  • Pili Nuts
  • Chest Nuts
  • Walnuts
  • Brazil Nuts
  • Almonds
  • Pecans
  • Cashews

The health benefits of nuts are numerous and well-documented, besides being a good source of protein and healthy fats.

Therefore, nuts improve heart health, lower cholesterol levels, and reduce the risk of certain chronic diseases.

Studies showed that nuts can help with weight loss and management and may even help prevent certain types of cancer.

So, if you’re looking for a nutritious snack to help you stay healthy and fit, reach for a handful of nuts!

5. Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits are a type of fruit under the different types of fruits. We characterized them by their acidic taste.

They are typically round or oval and have thick, leathery skin. However, we divide the flesh of citrus fruit into segments, usually white, pink, or orange.

They are a good source of vitamin C and are often used in juices, marinades, and desserts. They are essential for preventing diseases like scurvy.

The list below consists of some lesser-known citrus fruit varieties that may be worth trying.

  • Orange
  • Tangerine
  • Mandarin Orange
  • Clementine
  • Blood Orange
  • Lime
  • Philippine Lime (Calamansi)

6. Pepos

Pepos fruits are a type under the different types of fruit. They are a distinct, one-of-a-kind, and delicious type of fruit.

We classified them as “fleshy,” with labels describing families of simple fleshy fruits such as berries and hesperidium.

However, pepos are more than just tasty. They are crucial in the grand scheme of human history. Because of their simplicity, the plants were simple to grow, so that early humans may have seeded a field entirely by chance.

As a result, pepos were the first type of fruit that humans cultivated. The best scientific estimates date the intentional growth of pepos back to 10,000 BC in the Americas and 13,000 BC in Asia! (The next closest fruit, peppers, didn’t appear as an intentionally cultivated crop until around 8,000 BC.).

Pepos’ hard outer rinds also proved helpful to early humans in various ways, most notably in scooping out their insides and preserving their hard shells to make bowls and cups. (Imagine how difficult it would have been for ancient humans to transport items such as water without them!).

So, while technically a “simple fruit,” pepos may be at the heart of our complex modern civilization. Not bad for a few melons!

More so, pepos fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals and have numerous health benefits. They can help improve digestion and fight inflammation.

However, these fruits are also a good source of antioxidants which can help protect your cells from damage.

However, these are examples of pepos fruits Cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, etc. 

Different Types of Fruits

Now, let’s know the different types of fruits you can eat. However, below are some fruits to eat;

1. Mango

Mango different types of fruits
Photo by Yoel Winkler

Mangoes are sweet, creamy fruits that may have a variety of health benefits. They are famous all over the world. The drupe family includes tropical stone fruits like the mango.

This plant food has a fleshy outer layer that encircles a shell or pit. There is a seed in this pit. The drupe family also includes coconuts, dates, and olives.

However, there are numerous varieties of mango. They differ in seed size, color, shape, and flavor. Mangoes can have green, red, yellow, or orange skin, but their inside flesh is primarily golden yellow.

2. Banana

banana Different Types of Fruits
Photo by Eiliv Aceron

Bananas are huge herbaceous blooming plants of the genus Musa that produce an elongated, edible fruit known as a berry.

However, we refer to the bananas used in cooking as “plantains” in some nations to distinguish them from dessert bananas.

The fruit’s shape, color, and firmness can vary, but it is often elongated and curved. It has soft flesh high in starch that, when mature, can be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown.

Near the top of the plant, clusters of fruits grow upward. However, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana are two wild species from which almost all edible seedless (parthenocarpic)-bananas today.

However, a medium banana contains 420 milligrams, which is 9% of your daily requirement as one of the different types of fruits.

This mineral is essential for heart health. Potassium-rich foods help control blood pressure by allowing you to eliminate more sodium when you pee.

It also relaxes the walls of your blood vessels, lowering your blood pressure.

3. Apple

Photo by James Yarema

Apple is a succulent and mouthwatering fruit, one of the different types of fruits, often called Malus Domestica.

The apple fruit comes in many different types because it mainly originates in Central Asia but is now spreading to several other regions. However, Apples are first grown from blooms, and each apple has several seeds.

They can reach a maximum height of 4 inches and are available in various hues, including yellow, red, and green. Its acidity content mainly determines how it tastes. You can eat them as sweets or as whole fruit.

The plant compounds known as flavonoids found in apples have several health benefits. They also contain pectin, a fiber that digests in the intestines. You will only consume as many flavonoids or thread if you peel the apple before eating it.

However, you may feel fuller after eating since fiber can slow digestion. By doing this, you can avoid overeating.

Consuming foods high in fiber can help manage acid reflux symptoms and their repercussions. The fiber in apples can also aid in diarrhea and constipation.

4. Watermelon

Photo by Juja Han

The fruit of the flowering plant called watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. It is a scrambling, trailing vine-like plant with more than 1,100 varieties of fruit that are widely farmed worldwide.

Because of its enormous edible fruit, watermelon is grown inhospitable conditions from tropical to temperate locations worldwide.

A pepo is a botanical name for it. Although there are kinds without seeds, the sweet, juicy flesh is typically deep crimson to pink and contains many black seeds.

The fruit can be fresh, pickled, or cooked; you can also consume the rind. Additionally, it can be drunk as juice or a component of mixed drinks.

5. Pineapple

Photo by Brooke Lark

The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant that produces edible fruit. It is the most significant in the Bromeliaceae family. They grow as small shrubs with individual flowers that fuse to form multiple fruits.

In addition, they are rich in nutrients and antioxidants. These aid your body in preventing oxidative stress.

6. Pear

Photo by Couleur on Pixabay

Pears are a popular fruit that belongs to the Rosaceae family. They are also thought to be the oldest cultivated fruits.

They grow in countries with mild temperatures, such as Europe and Asia, and we derive them from a medium-sized tree.

Edible flesh and seed are inside the fruit, known as stone cells. Pears come in various shapes, sizes, and colors, with over 2500 varieties available.

7. Melon

Photo by PublicDomainPictures on Pixabay

A melon is any of several plants in the Cucurbitaceae family that produce sweet, edible, and fleshy fruit. The term “melon” can refer to both the plant and the fruit.

A melon is a berry, specifically a “pepo” in botany. Melon is an excellent herbal cancer treatment, particularly for breast cancer.

And due to the presence of dietary fiber and vitamin B1 (Thiamine) in egusi, melon aid food digestion.

Because of its vitamin B1 content, it also aids in appetite stimulation.

8. Grapefruit

Photo by uroburos on Pixabay

Grapefruit is a subtropical fruit that belongs to the citrus fruit family. Their name comes from the fact that they grow in clusters, similar to grapefruit.

They are typically round fruits with a red pulp that tastes sweet and sour.

As one of the different types of fruits, grapefruit contains about 8% of your daily thiamine requirements. It also helps to reduce cell deterioration and cancer.

9. Blueberry

Photo by Couleur on Pixabay

Blueberries are a type of fruit that is blue. They are small and have a slightly sour taste.

These fruits are among the different types of fruits that are often used in pies, muffins, and other baked goods.

Blueberries appear to benefit people with high blood pressure.

10. Cherry

Photo by JillWellington on Pixabay

Cherries are fruits under different types of fruits. The cherry is a fruit of the Prunus genus, including plums, apricots, and almonds.

Cherries are typically red or black, but there are also white and yellow varieties. The red and black types are the most popular.

They are a good source of vitamins A and C, fiber, and antioxidants. The health benefits include reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke and helping to prevent cancer.

Cherries are a food that you can enjoy, fresh, canned, or frozen.

11. Orange

Photo by Noah Buscher on Unsplash

Orange is a Citrus fruit that is high in vitamin C. They are mostly round with a green or yellow outer covering.

After peeling away the outer layer, you’ll find bean-shaped edible fruits with juicy pulp and a sweet and sour flavor.

The stage of ripening also determines the taste. This fruit is highly beneficial; they use its juice as a healthy drink worldwide. We can also use its outer peel as an aromatic and cosmetic agent.

Among the different types of fruits, the orange is well-known for its health benefits and is one of the most popular fruits worldwide.

You can eat oranges not only as a snack but also as a significant ingredient in various dishes.

Its juice is now essential to a healthy breakfast, promoting a healthy start to the day.

12. Guava

Photo by Any Lane on Pexels

The tropical fruit guava is primarily grown in Mexico and other warm nations.

They are members of the Myrtaceae family and grow on trees. Guavas have thick, dark green skin on the outside.

There is white flesh inside of it. They also have numerous delicious seeds inside of them. Both the fruit and the juice of the guava are edible.

Their fruits are round, have either pale green or yellow skin, and have edible seeds.

In addition, you can use guava leaf extract as a supplement, and also you can use the leaves to make herbal tea.

Antioxidants, vitamin C, potassium, and fiber are abundant in guava fruits.

As one of the different types of fruits, they have several health advantages due to their unique nutrient composition.

13. Strawberry

Photo by Engin_Akyurt on Pixabay

The Rosaceae family includes the red fruit known as the strawberry. On the outside, strawberries have more than 200 seeds.

They are primarily hand-picked, grown in the spring, and kept in inboxes.

Berry strawberries need a lot of care because they are such delicate fruits. Their flavor is primarily influenced by the climate and ripening stage.

Strawberry is one of the healthiest fruit among the different types.

They have good folate (vitamin B9) and potassium and are a good source of vitamin C, manganese, and folate.

Strawberries are incredibly high in plant compounds and antioxidants, which may help blood sugar regulation and heart health.

14. Jackfruit

Photo by karolranis on Pixabay

One of the most significant fruits among the different types of fruits, jackfruit, is primarily found in tropical areas.

They can only reach a maximum height of two feet. The exterior skin of the jackfruit is a complex, dark green color and is exceedingly difficult to remove.

There are numerous seeds and white-colored flesh inside. The jackfruit’s seeds and all other parts are delectable. Vegans regard jackfruit as a meat substitute.

However, a potent antioxidant necessary for a healthy immune system, vitamin C, is in jackfruit.

15. Apricot

Photo by stevepb on Pixabay

Small, yellow, sour-tasting apricots have a stone in the center. Like most different types of fruits, they have vitamins and minerals. The apricot is a member of the Prunus genus.

They are beautiful edible fruits with a reddish-orange hue on the exterior. There is yellowish flesh inside.

The fruit’s core contains a sizable seed that is highly poisonous. Apricots can expand to a maximum length of 8 cm.

They are exceptionally nutrient-dense and extremely iron-rich.

16. Avocado

Substitutes For Avocado
Photo by Nur Afni Setiyaningrum

Avocados are technically a fruit but are more commonly classified as vegetables.

They are members of the Lauraceae family. These fruits have a rough outer layer that is green in color.

There is yellow flesh inside, as well as a large seed. They are typically used to prepare dishes, with Guacamole being one of the most popular.

You can also eat it in salads or smoothies. Avocado is among the different types of fruits.

A half-cup of Guacamole contains approximately 6 grams of fiber or nearly 1/4 of your daily fiber requirements.

Fiber makes you feel full, which makes you less likely to overeat. Avocados are high in fat, but it’s primarily healthy monounsaturated fat.

According to research, including this fat in your diet can help you lose weight. Try chickpeas with mashed avocado instead of chicken salad with mayo.

17. Peach

Photo by RitaE on Pixabay

The peach is the second most common fruit among the different types of fruits and a member of the Prunus family.

It thrives best in temperate climates and needs warm temperatures to do so. The flesh of these fruits is yellow and has a crimson outer covering.

It is excellent among the different types of fruits. The fruit’s core stone, which is present, is poisonous. You can eat them either as a fruit or in juice form.

Peaches have few calories (only 39 per 100 g) and no saturated fats. Nevertheless, they include many elements that are good for your health.

Vitamin C and antioxidants, which the human body needs to develop connective tissue, are present in peaches.

18. Plum

Photo by pixel2013

Peaches and apricots are all members of the same fruit family as plums. However, plums have a considerably wider variety than their cousins, the stone fruits.

They come in various sizes, with pink, yellow, or orange flesh and red, purple, green, or yellow skin.

They first sprouted thousands of years ago in China. Then plums traveled to America, Europe, and Japan.

Around the world, more than 2,000 different varieties are now present. Plums provide salads and sweets with a gentle sweetness, but their health advantages are the best part of the deal.

Plums are high in fiber. This helps slow the blood sugar spike after eating carbohydrates, as one of the different types of fruits.

They can also increase your body’s production of adiponectin, a hormone that aids in blood sugar regulation.

19. Kiwi

Photo by Shutterbug75

The kiwi, known as the Chinese Gooseberry, was first discovered in New Zealand. They are members of the Actinidiaceae family and have a brown outer covering that resembles a kiwi bird’s feather.

After removing the outer layer, the flesh is green, and the seeds are primarily black. Kiwi fruit has a delicious and occasionally tart flavor.

The kiwi fruit is grown in more than 50 different types all over the world. Some varieties include seedless, red-skinned, yellow, and so forth.

As one of the different types of fruits, kiwifruits are rich in dietary fiber and vitamin C and offer several health advantages.

This sour fruit can boost immune, digestive, and heart health. The kiwi is a fruit high in vitamins and antioxidants and is a good choice for your diet.

It’s a tasty and healthful choice for snacks or a distinctive dessert because of its tangy flavor and low-calorie content.

20. Dragon Fruit

Dragon Fruit
by NuCastiel is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Pitaya, commonly referred to as dragon fruit, is a member of the cactus family. It features spikes on the surface and a pink outer layer with a leather-like texture.

White meat inside has a lovely flavor and a lot of black seeds.

Although the shapes are almost identical to the kiwi fruit, the flavor is entirely different. You can eat it as a fruit, drink it as juice, or make sorbets.

Dragon fruit has a lot of fiber and is naturally fat-free. It is a fantastic snack since it can keep you full between meals for more extended.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Many Different Types of Fruits Are There?

Although there are more than 2,000 different types of fruits, only around 10% of them are routinely consumed in Western diets. It is also significant to remember that there are numerous fruit kinds. For instance, apples are grown in more than 7,500 different types worldwide.

What is the Healthiest Fruit?

Some of the healthiest fruits are Cranberries, Blueberries, Tart cherries, Elderberry, Pomegranates, Red grapes, Citrus fruits, and Apples.

What is the Most Popular Fruit in the World?

Bananas are the most popular fruit in the world. This may be a little bit surprising since they are tropical fruit that doesn’t grow in most places.


We hope you enjoyed our article on Different Types of Fruit. Whether you want to eat them raw, juice them, add them to a smoothie, or bake with them, it is essential to know how to identify and adequately store each type of fruit.

If you have questions about different types of fruits, please drop them in the comment space.

Thank you for reading.

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