Coffee is a popular beverage that stands out among countless other drink varieties.
With its dynamic flavor palette and numerous preparation methods, it’s no surprise that different types of coffee have driven countless trends in the specialty coffee world.
Coffee dates back centuries, but the variety of options has exploded. Many factors influence the type of bean used for any given brew, which can impact taste, texture, and strength.
No matter your taste, this article will introduce you to all the different coffee types.
Through their flavor profiles and common brewing techniques, you will uncover what styles each type offers and how each plays into various lifestyle preferences.
Grab your favorite mug and dig into an exploration of the delightful diversity of coffee around the world.
Espresso Romano is one of the most popular different types of coffee.
It’s made with finely ground coffee beans and brewed with a higher grounds-to-water ratio than regular coffee.
Thus, resulting in a thicker liquid and flavor. Though espresso has been around for centuries, its origin remains unclear.
People believe it originated in Italy during the early 20th century when the country faced a coffee shortage due to restrictions on importing beans after two World Wars.
To compensate for this, Italians added lemon to their instant coffee to mask its inferior flavor.
The main difference between espresso and regular coffee lies in its preparation.
Espresso beans are ground much finer than regular coffee beans. So it allows for more flavor extraction during the brewing process.
The grounds-to-water ratio is also higher when making espresso, which results in a stronger cup of coffee with an intense flavor profile.
You can enjoy an espresso or use it as the base for drinks like lattes and cappuccinos.
The Americano is a classic coffee drink that has been around for decades.
This rich and flavorful cup of coffee can be created by mixing espresso with hot water; the result is a strong yet distinct brew similar to regular black coffee.
It’s the perfect choice for something stronger than regular drip coffee but not as intense as an espresso shot.
Making an Americano at home is easy and requires two ingredients: espresso and hot water. To make it, pour the espresso into your cup first, then add the hot water.
This will help ensure that you get the right ratio of espresso to water for the best flavor.
If you like your Americano extra strong, you can always add more espresso or less water to adjust the strength. Enjoy!
Cappuccino is one of the different types of coffee that has become popular in recent years.
It is made with espresso, steamed milk, and a thick layer of foam on top. You can flavor the foam with cocoa powder or cinnamon to add an extra layer of flavor.
Cappuccino is usually served in a cup or mug and enjoyed hot or cold. Variations of cappuccino are becoming more common as well.
Some people prefer to use cream instead of milk for a richer flavor, while others like to add flavor shots such as vanilla or hazelnut for an extra kick.
If you’re feeling adventurous, you could even try mushroom coffee – yes, it’s a thing!
This unique blend combines the earthy flavors of mushrooms with the smoothness of espresso and steamed milk for an unforgettable experience.
The cortado is a popular espresso-based coffee originating in Spain’s Basque County.
It got its name from the Spanish verb cortar, meaning to cut, which refers to how milk cuts the acidity of the espresso.
A cortado comprises equal parts of steamed milk and espresso. However, compared to other coffees that use foam, this coffee has significantly less or no foam.
Consequently, the steamed milk will be well incorporated with espresso, producing a silky and creamy consistency.
People often serve cortados in small glasses or cups, which can be enjoyed hot or cold. A cortado will satisfy your cravings whether you’re looking for something sweet or strong!
5. Cafe AU Lait
Café au lait is a classic French beverage people have enjoyed for centuries.
Among the different types of coffee, Café au lait is a simple yet delicious combination of brewed coffee and warm milk.
The name translates to “coffee with milk” in French, and it is an easy way to enjoy the flavor of coffee without bitterness.
The traditional way to make café au lait is to brew strong, dark-roasted coffee and then add steamed or scalded milk.
This creates a creamy, slightly sweet drink that can be enjoyed hot or cold. If you prefer your coffee on the sweeter side, add sugar or other sweeteners as desired.
Café au lait is often served in a large cup or bowl with a handle. Therefore, it’s perfect for sipping while enjoying conversation with friends or family.
It’s also an ideal accompaniment to breakfast pastries like croissants or brioche.
6. Flat White
Flat white is also one of the different types of coffee drinks to know and try.
Originating from Australia, this double shot of espresso mixes with steamed milk to create a creamy and smooth beverage.
And people who enjoy the richness of cappuccino but don’t want all the extra foam have embraced the flat White.
The flat white is made using two shots of espresso and steamed milk poured over the top.
This creates a velvety texture and an intense flavor that can be enjoyed hot or cold. It’s also possible to customize your flat White with different types of milk, such as almond, coconut, or oat milk, for a unique twist on this classic drink.
Mocha combines espresso, steamed milk, and cocoa powder or syrup. The result is a creamy, rich beverage that has become popular in cafes worldwide.
The origin of Mocha dates back to the 15th century when it was first created in Yemen.
Traditionally, people made it with Ethiopian coffee beans and cocoa powder.
Today, many variations exist, including adding flavored syrups or creamers for an extra layer of sweetness and richness.
You can serve Mocha hot or cold, depending on preference. Also, you can top it with whipped cream or chocolate shavings for an added touch of decadence.
The Galão is among the different types of coffee drinks that originated in Portugal.
It is closely related to the latte and cappuccino, but with one key difference: it contains about twice as much foamed milk, making it a lighter drink than its counterparts.
So, it’s an ideal choice for those who prefer a milder flavor or are looking for something a bit more refreshing.
Traditionally, people serve galao in a tall glass, which gives it its name – “galão” means “tall” in Portuguese.
The drink consists of espresso and steamed milk, topped with foam and sometimes sprinkled with cinnamon or cocoa powder.
And you can enjoy it both hot and cold, depending on personal preference.
9. Irish Coffee
Irish coffee is a delicious and warming drink people have enjoyed for many years.
This drink combines sugar, black coffee, and whiskey with whipped cream, creating a unique and strong flavor.
Also, adding the whipped cream helps to mellow out the intensity of the whiskey while adding a creamy texture to the drink.
The recipe for Irish coffee is simple yet effective. All you need are some freshly brewed black coffee, whiskey, sugar, and whipped cream.
Start by pouring the hot coffee into a mug or glass, and add your desired amount of whiskey and sugar.
Then, stir until everything mixes, and top it off with a great whipped cream. Enjoy this comforting beverage on its own or as an accompaniment to dessert after dinner!
The affogato is the last on our list of the different types of coffee. It’s a classic Italian dessert that combines two of the best things in life: ice cream and espresso.
This indulgent treat is perfect for any time of day, whether it’s an after-dinner treat or a mid-afternoon pick-me-up.
The traditional affogato consists of a scoop of ice cream topped with a shot of espresso, but some variations include adding additional flavors such as chocolate or caramel sauce.
For an extra decadent experience, try serving the affogato over a warm brownie.
The beauty of the affogato lies in its simplicity; you need two ingredients, and you have an instant dessert.
It’s also incredibly versatile; you can easily customize it to your tastes by adding different flavors or toppings.
You can enjoy different types of coffee drinks worldwide, each with a unique flavor and texture.
Whether you’re looking for something sweet or strong, there’s a coffee drink for everyone. So why not explore all the different types of coffee and find your favorite?